Africa

In terms of laws for the protection of HRDs, the pioneer country in Africa has been the Democratic Republic of Congo, which started in 2007 to debate laws in provinces and at the national level. But it has been especially since 2015 that laws have been passed in several countries, mostly, but not exclusively, in West Africa. It is the region with the most national processes on laws, fifteen in total, but also with the most stalled or abandoned processes (seven of the fifteen).

In general, these national laws have been based on the UN Declaration on HRDs, as well as on the Model Law developed by the International Service for Human Rights.

Collectively, these laws succinctly outline a number of rights for human rights defenders, which overlap to a large extent with the rights that everyone has as a citizen of these countries. Some laws regulate their application, others do not. And several laws contain a series of “responsibilities” on the part of HRDs, as for example in the 2014 law of Côte d’Ivoire:

o Art. 10 : ” HRDs are obliged to exercise their rights and freedoms impartially and with respect for the rights of others, public safety and the general interest “.
o Art. 12: “… Human rights defenders must contribute to the preservation and strengthening of social and national solidarity…. “
These responsibilities assigned to HRDs could serve as a basis for delegitimising the action of HRDs.

As of mid-2021, the list of countries with protection policies in Africa is as follows:
•Law in force: Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali,
•Decree or sub-national regulation: Democratic Republic of Congo
•Discussions in force: Uganda, Madagascar, Niger, Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Togo.
•Previous debates, not currently taken up: Cameroon, Guinea, Kenya, Sierra Leone, South Sudan.

2021
First News Media Togo has for several years been engaged in a fierce struggle for the protection of human rights...
2021
African Media Agency An information and exchange meeting between human rights defenders’ organisations (HRDOs) around a consultant allowed progress to...
2021
aLome.com The Ministry of Human Rights, Citizenship Training and Relations with the Institutions of the Republic organised on Tuesday 10...
2021
Television Togolaise Togo is in the process of adopting the law on the protection of human rights defenders. This law,...
2021
Ministry of Human Rights, Citizenship Training, Relations with the Institutions of the Republic A meeting between the consultant and stakeholders...
2019
ISHR Since 2014, there has been an increasing number of African countries adopting or considering to adopt national legislation aimed...
Defenders Protection Initiative
2020
Human Rights Defenders Law will Provide for the recognition and protection of HRDs in Uganda, enhance partnership and collaboration between...
2020
ISHR The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights urged Mali to adopt the implementation decree on the law for the...
2017
ISHR In a welcome development, Burkina Faso has adopted a national law for the protection of defenders. The adoption follows...
2018
ISHR In a welcome move, the UN Human Rights Committee has asked Guinea to adopt the draft bill for the promotion and...