Democratic Republic of the Congo

The DR Congo bill on responsibilities and protection of human rights defenders was approved by the Senate in May 2017. At the heart of the law is the definition of who is a HRD, and the missions entrusted to the National Human Rights Commission to monitor human rights defenders.


An initiative of the province of South Kivu:

On 30 December 2015, the South Kivu Provincial Assembly voted unanimously to adopt the edict on the protection of human rights defenders. It was then passed to the Provincial Governor for final approval, which was granted on 10 February 2016.


Initiative of the province of North Kivu:

In 2019, compelled by the human rights situation in North Kivu, and inspired by the South Kivu edict, the Synergie Ukingo Wetu network together with Protection International collaborated with journalists and other human rights actors for the drafting and approval of Edict No. 001/2019 of November 2019 by the Provincial Assembly of North Kivu.


In 2021 a new edict is under debate in the parliament of the Sud-Ubangui province, and a bill has again entered the legislative chambers in Kinshasa. (Information pending to be updated)


For more context go to:

Proposal for a Law on the Protection and Accountability of Human Rights Defenders here:-

Edict Nº001/2016 of February 2016 on the Protection of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists in South Kivu Province here:

Provincial Edict on the Protection of Men and Women Human Rights Defenders and Journalists in North Kivu here:


Updated: 12/2021