Mexico

Status: adopted national law or policy

It is the first protection mechanism governed by law in the Americas (Law for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists, 25 June 2012). It depends on the Ministry of the Interior, although its final implementation depends largely on agreements signed with state governments, given that it is a federation. Civil society organisations (journalists and HRDs) participate in the Governing Board of the mechanism with four representatives.

Both the Law and the other documents have been subject to wide consultation and active participation of HRDs’ organisations.

Civil society organisations have carried out successive evaluations of the mechanism, the latest being in 2015, the Second Diagnosis on the Implementation of the Protection Mechanism for HRDs and Journalists (Espacio OSC: 2015, 61). This last document stated that the implementation of the mechanism continued to be ineffective, and pointed to a lack of political will on the part of state institutions, whose performance continued to be deficient at all levels (federal, state and municipal). In 2019, at the request of the Federal Mechanism, the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights conducted a Diagnosis on the functioning of the Mechanism, whose recommendations are being taken into account for the Mechanism’s improvement processes. In 2019, the General Sub-Directorate for Human Rights of the Ministry of the Interior accepted the initiative put forward by civil society (from the CSO Space) to begin the construction of a National Protection System. In 2021, after several periods of inactivity, this construction process has resumed.

 

In terms of implementation throughout the country, the signing of cooperation agreements with the 32 states was acknowledged. However, these agreements were not and are not binding and the Federal Government does not have the tools to enforce them, which allows local authorities to sometimes disregard the instructions provided by the mechanism.

In late 2020, the Chamber of Deputies of the Congress of the Union approved a decree reforming the 2012 Law, which will be discussed in 2021 in the Senate, before being approved.

Several states of the Federation have created their own protection mechanisms (sixteen, as of June 2021).

Updated 06/2021

CODIGO DH
2022
The Office of the Ombudsman for Human Rights of Oaxaca participates in updating the Agreement on the Recognition and Protection...
Secretaría de gobernación. Gobierno de Mexico
2022
In January 2022, discussions on a general law for the protection of human rights defenders in Mexico were renewed. Discussions...
Pulso Diario de San Luis
2021
“MONTERREY, NL, December 22 (EL UNIVERSAL) – The Undersecretary for Human Rights, Population and Migration of the Ministry of the...
Oaxaca Human Rights Ombudsman's Office
2021
In the framework of the International Day of Human Rights Defenders on 9 December, the Oaxaca Human Rights Ombudsman’s Office...
OHCHR Mexico
2019
In 2019, the Office in Mexico of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) carried out a diagnostic...
Propuesta Cívica
2019
The report “In the Face of Risk and Chaos” was published by the Centro de Investigación y Capacitación Propuesta Cívica...
Gaceta Parlamentaria Mexico
2019
On the 30th of April 2019, the Mexican Parliament proposed a reform of articles 6 and 73 of the Political...
Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato. Periódico oficial
2019
On the 11th of March 2019, the government of the State of Guanajuato in Mexico issued the Regulation for the...
Comité Cerezo México
2019
On the 30th of April 2019, Initiative Containing Draft Decree Reforming Articles 6 and 73 of the Constitution and Draft...
Propuesta Cívica
2017
In this book, the Centro de Investigación y Capacitación Propuesta Cívica (CIC Propuesta Cívica), presents the most relevant aspects of...
Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
2017
On the 26th of October 2017, the government of the State of Guanajuato adopted the Law for the Protection of...
Protection International
2017
Protection International, JASS and CEJIL come together in this publication to deepen understanding of violence against women human rights defenders...
Carvalho, de Marchi Pereira de Souza, Mendonça Dias
2016
Protection Policies for Human Rights Defenders is a publication by Human Rights Review Sur on the experiences with policies for...
Diario oficial de la Federación de Mexico
2012
On the June 25th 2012, the Mexican congress adopted a decree enacting the Law for the Protection of Human Rights...
Gobierno de Mexico
2012
On the 30th of November 2012, the Government of Mexico adopted the Regulation of the Law for the Protection of...
Gobierno de Mexico
2012
On the 25th of June 2012, the government of Mexico adopted the Law on the Protection of Human Rights Defenders...