Brazil

Status: adopted national law or policy

It is the second oldest mechanism  in Latin America (started in 2004). It was enacted as a decree. It was initially located within the Secretariat of Human Rights at the national level (in Brasilia) and by the end of 2016 it was operating in five priority states (Pernambuco, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, Ceará and Bahia). A  draft law, under discussion in the legislative Camera since 2009, has not been approved yet. It was last discussed in 2018. This mechanism has been severely criticised by human rights organizations.

Updated: 02/2020

Sandra Carvalho. Alice de Marchi Pereira de Souza. Rafael Mendonça Dias
2016
This article addresses, from the perspective of civil society, the experiences of policies for the protection of human rights defenders...
Justiça Global. Terra de Direitos
2021
Justiça Global and Terra de Direitos have launched “The Beginning of the End?” (“Começo do fim?”, in Portuguese), a critical...
Justiça global
2021
Justicia Global and Terra de Direitos have launched “The Beginning of the End?” (“Começo do fin?”, in Portuguese), a critical...
Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro
2021
The legislative assembly of the state of Rio de Janeiro resolves to create the State Program for the Protection of...
Presidência da Repúblic a Brasileira
2019
On the 24th of July 2019, Brazil adopted Decree 9937. This decree “establishes the protection programme for human rights defenders,...
2009
Portal Camara dos Deputados Institutes the Program for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders – PPDDH, under the Special Secretariat...
Ulisses Terto Neto
2020
Ulisses Terto Neto, a Brazilian human rights lawyer and researcher and law professor at the State University of Goiás (UEG),...
Presidência da República
2007
On the 12th of February 2007, the government of Brasil adopted decree no. 6044, approving the National Policy on the...