A Decree of the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was enacted in late 2020 to protect HRDs, and a “Joint Commission for the Protection of Human Rights” was established under the chairmanship of Professor Sarwar Danish, the Second Vice President.
The Presidential Decree aims at “providing the necessary and effective ground for the protection of human rights issues in Afghanistan and the fulfillment of the Afghan government’s commitments to human rights issues and the protection of human rights defenders and activists”.
According to the decree, the Commission will be membered by the Attorney General, Minister of Justice, Minister of Interior, Minister of Women Affairs, Head of Independent Human Rights Commission of Afghanistan, Director General of National Security, Director General of the Independent Directorate of Local Governance, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Representative of the Supreme Court, Representative of the Legal, Legislative, and Judicial Bureau of the Administrative Office of the President and representatives of other relevant departments if necessary and approved by the Chairman of the Commission.
According to the Commission, among their goals are “preparing the Commission’s implementation procedure, determining the Commission’s work priorities, drafting a joint plan with non-governmental organizations in the field of human rights to outline the mechanism for protecting human rights defenders, obtaining the opinions of domestic and foreign human rights advocates and funders, as well as addressing the recommendations, plans and complaints of human rights defenders.
The Secretariat of the “Joint Commission for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders” is responsible for the Independent Human Rights Commission.
There has been a suspension of the pre-existing constitutional order due to the Taliban’s seize of power in August 2021. A more accurate analysis of HRDs protection policies in Afghanistan will be updated when more reliable information is available.